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CALENDAR AND NEW MOONS

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CONTENTS:

2014-2015 Calendar/Sighting Reports

2013-2014 Calendar Reports

2012-2013 Calendar/Reports

2011-2012 Calendar/Reports

2010-2011 Calendar/ Reports

2009-2010 Calendar/Reports

2008-2009 Calendar/Reports

2007-2008 Calendar/Reports

2006-2007 Calendar/Reports

2005-2006 Calendar/Reports

2004-2005 Calendar/Reports

Our Calendar

New Moons

What Was Preparation Day?

Counting to Pentecost

2014 Holy Days

 

 

BIBLICAL CALENDAR FOR 2014-2015

&

NEW MOON SIGHTING REPORTS

 

In keeping with our continued effort at providing as much of God's truth as possible to those who seek it, the House of Yahshua now provides a Scripturally based calendar, beginning with the first Biblical month of Abib in each year, and based on the sighting of the new moon sliver each month of that year. In addition to this calendar, we will also be posting the times/dates/locations of new moon sightings as they are reported to us.

Our goal in providing this information is not to create a calendar which is binding for every believer in the world, nor to use sightings in other parts of the world as a substitute for our own. Instead, we wish to offer objective, accurate, and impartial sighting information which is uninfluenced by any pre-calculated Holy Day schedules or hidden agendas. Our calendar will be primarily based on sightings local to our area (Baton Rouge, Louisiana) and augmented by reliable outside reports and/or calculation based on previous observation when necessary.

We ask any of our visitors who wish to report a sighting to e-mail us at the address at the bottom of this page, and please include the date, time, and location of the sighting, as well as the number of sighters and the means of sighting - naked eye, binoculars, etc. An excellent tool for those wishing to keep track of the moon phases, sunrise/sunset, and moonrise/moonset times in their area is www.sunrisesunset.com. (Keep in mind that the new moon sliver appears each month after the conjunction, or complete darkness of the moon). Another very excellent resource for technical and sighting information is www.moonsighting.com. We recommend both of these sites highly as aids for anyone actively engaged in sighting the new moon crescent.

We pray that this information will be useful to all and that participation in this effort might bring novices and the undecided to a greater understanding of God's calendar. Please bear with us as we strive to provide this information as clearly and accurately as possible. May our Father's blessings be on us all as we strive to follow His will in this matter as in all others.

Notice: Due to a widespread and growing practice of forsaking visual sighting for calculation, our assembly has become wary of some of our usual sources of sighting information. Because of this, we now rely more heavily than ever on our own sightings and reports, using other sources for verification when possible. When there is any doubt concerning new moon sightings - primarily due to local weather conditions which prevent our own sightings, and/or extremely close timing of moonset versus sunset - our policy is now to defer judgment until the 30th day of the month when necessary and if sighting is still impossible, to declare the next day the first day of the month, using the previous month's sighting as a basis for this judgment. This is a self-correcting system which still relies on sighting of the new moon crescent rather than calculation based on the darkness of the conjunction.

 

Sighting Helps

November 2014: The conjunction will occur on Saturday, November 22nd at 6:33 am. CST, making the new moon sliver most likely visible in Bridge City, Tx., on November 23rd or 24th.

Always check sunset and moonset times for your time zone.

 

2014-2015 CALENDAR

   

New moon sighted

 

First day of Biblical month

         
Abib  

March 31

 

April 1

Month 2  

April 30

 

May 1

Month 3  

May 30

 

May 31

Month 4  

June 29

 

June 30

Month 5  

July 28

 

July 29

Month 6  

August 27

 

August 28

Month 7  

September 25

 

September 26

Month 8  

October 25

 

October 26

Month 9  

November

 

November

Month 10  

December

 

December

Month 11  

January

 

January

Month 12  

February

 

February

 

Sighting reports for 2014-2015

 

March 2014: The new moon sliver which marks the beginning of the month of Abib was sighted at 7:54 p.m. on March 31 in Bridge City, Tx., by one adult. This was verified within minutes by another adult in the same location, as well as by two adults in Converse, La.

April 2014: On Wednesday, April 30, the new moon was sighted by two adults at 8:12 p.m. in Bridge City, Tx.

May 2014: One adult sighted the new moon crescent in Bridge City, Tx., on Friday, May 30.

June 2014: Due to overcast conditions, the new moon was not sighted on June 28. No reports were made to the east of our location, therefore the new moon sighting will be on June 29, making June 30 the first day of the 4th month.

July 2014: The new moon crescent was sighted in numerous locations throughout the world on July 28, including Arkansas, Florida, and New York in the U.S., as well as Australia, India, and New Zealand.

August 2014: Although overcast skies prevented a sighting in Bridge City on August 27, the new moon sliver was sighted on that date in New Zealand, Indonesia, Nigeria, and Virginia, USA.

September 2014: Again prevented from sighting by overcast skies in the Bridge City area; however, the new moon was sighted in Florida, Georgia, and Virginia, as well as in numerous other locations across the country and the world on September 25.

October 2014: The new moon sliver was sighted in Evadale, Tx., on Saturday, October 25, at approximately 7:30 p.m. by two adults.

 

 

 

 

2013-2014 CALENDAR

   

New moon sighted

 

First day of Biblical month

         
Abib  

March 12

 

March 13

Month 2  

April 11

 

April 12

Month 3  

May 11

 

May 12

Month 4  

June 10

 

June 11

Month 5  

July 9

 

July 10

Month 6  

August 8

 

August 9

Month 7  

September 7

 

September 8

Month 8  

October 6

 

October 7

Month 9  

November 4

 

November 5

Month 10  

December 3

 

December 4

Month 11  

January 2

 

January 3

Month 12  

January 31

 

February 1

Month 13  

March 2

 

March 3

 

Sighting reports for 2013-2014

March 2013: The new moon crescent marking the beginning of Abib and the new Biblical year was sighted in Bridge City, Tx., by two adult witnesses at 7:40 p.m. on Tuesday, March 12. This sighting was confirmed by sightings from several witnesses in Converse, La., and Baton Rouge, La., on the same date, as well as by other sightings around the world.

April 2013: On Thursday, April 11, the new moon sliver was sighted by one witness in Bridge City, Tx., at 7:58 p.m., and by two witnesses at the same time in Converse, La.

May 2013: The new moon sliver was sighted in Bridge City, Tx., on Saturday, May 11, at 7:55 p.m. by two adult witnesses.

June 2013: Due to overcast skies and lack of sightings to the east of our location on June 9th, the House of Yahshua deferred the beginning of the 4th month to June 10th.

July 2013: The new moon crescent was sighted by two adults in Bridge City, Tx., on Tuesday, July 9th at 8:39 p.m.

August 2013: Due to extreme haze caused by dust in the atmosphere, a sighting was not possible locally on Thursday, August 8; however, numerous sightings were reported around the world on that date.

September 2013: The new moon marking the beginning of the 7th month was sighted on September 7th in Bridge City, Tx., and Converse, La., as well as in India and Lebanon.

October 2013: On Sunday, October 6, the new moon sliver was sighted in numerous locations throughout the world.

November 2013: The new moon crescent was sighted in Georgia and West Virginia on Monday, November 4, as well as in other locations around the world.

December 2013: On Tuesday Decembr 3rd the new moon crescent was sighted in Orlando, Fl., as well as in Colombia, Mo., Jamaica, and other sites across the globe.

January 2014: The new moon sliver was sighted by two adults on Thursday, January 2, between 5:20 and 5:40 p.m. in Bridge City, Tx., and Beaumont, Tx.

January 2014: After the second conjunction in January the new crescent moon was sighted on Friday, January 31, and was sighted and photographed by one adult in Converse, La., at 6:15 p.m.

March 2014: Although overcast conditions prevented sighting locally, the new moon crescent was sighted in India, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, and Florida on Sunday, March 2.

 

 

 

 

2012-2013 CALENDAR

   

New moon sighted

 

First day of Biblical month

         
Abib  

March 23

 

March 24

Month 2  

April 22

 

April 23

Month 3  

May 22

 

May 23

Month 4  

June 21

 

June 22

Month 5  

July 20

 

July 21

Month 6  

August 19

 

August 20

Month 7  

September 17

 

September 18

Month 8  

October 16

 

October 17

Month 9  

November 14

 

November 15

Month 10  

December 14

 

December 15

Month 11  

January 12

 

January 13

Month 12  

February 11

 

February 12

 

Sighting reports for 2012-2013

March 2012: The crescent new moon marking the beginning of the Biblical year was sighted in Bridge City, Tx., on March 23rd, 2012, by three adult witnesses at 7:43 p.m.

April 2012: Two adult witnesses sighted the new moon crescent at 7:55 p.m. on Sunday, April 22, in Bridge City, Tx.

May 2012: On Tuesday, May 22, the new moon was sighted by two adults at 8:14 p.m. in Bridge City, Tx.

June 2012: The new moon was sighted on June 21 at 8:23 p.m. by two adult witnesses in Bridge City, Tx.

July 2012: Although local conditions prevented sighting the new moon on July 20 in Bridge City, the new crescent was sighted in numerous locations across the world on that date, including Australia, Africa, and the eastern U.S.

August 2012: The crescent new moon was sighted by two adults at 7:56 p.m. in Bridge City, Tx., on Sunday, August 19.

September 2012: On Tuesday, September 17, at 7:20 p.m., the new moon signalling the beginning of the 7th month was sighted in Bridge City, Tx., by two adults.

October 2012: The new moon sliver was sighted in many locations throughout the world on Tuesday, September 16, including the U.K., Virginia, and Pennsylvania.

November 2012: The crescent new moon was sighted in Virginia, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Texas on Wednesday, November 14.

December 2012: On Friday, December 14, the new moon was sighted in Baton Rouge, La., by three adult witnesses at 5:47 p.m.

January 2013: Local weather conditions prevented sighting in Bridge City, but the new moon sighting was reported across the world in many locations, including Kuwait, Morocco, the UK, and Virginia, Pennsylvania and Florida in the United States on Saturday, January 12.

February 2013: Although overcast skies prevented sighting in Bridge City, the new moon was sighted in numerous locations around the world on Monday, February 11, including India, Pakistan, and Qatar.

 

 

 

2011-2012 CALENDAR

   

New moon sighted

 

First day of Biblical month

         
Abib  

April 4

 

April 5

Month 2  

May 4

 

May 5

Month 3  

June 3

 

June 4

Month 4  

July 2

 

July 3

Month 5  

August 1

 

August 2

Month 6  

August 30

 

August 31

Month 7  

September 28

 

September 29

Month 8  

October 28

 

October 29

Month 9  

November 26

 

November 27

Month 10  

December 25

 

December 26

Month 11  

January 24

 

January 25

Month 12  

February 23

 

February 24

 

Sighting reports for 2011-2012

April 2011: The new moon crescent was sighted in the Netherlands, the UK, Virginia, North Carolina, Israel, and the West Indies on Monday, April 4, 2011. This sets the beginning of the month of Abib on Tuesday, April 5th.

May 2011: On May 4th, the new sliver was sighted around the world, including in India, Malaysia, the Netherlands, Canada, and the US.

June 2011: The new moon was sighted in Baton Rouge, La., by two adults at 8:32 p.m. on June 3rd.

July 2011: Two adult witnesses sighted the new moon crescent in Baton Rouge, La., at 8:25 p.m. on Saturday, July 2nd.

August 2011: In addition to overcast conditions making sighting impossible in Baton Rouge, La. on July 31, there were no naked eye sightings reported east of Baton Rouge on that date within our range of possible visibility. On August 1 there were numerous sightings reported around the world, making Aug. 2nd the first day of the 5th month.

August 2011: Smoke haze prevented crescent sighting in Baton Rouge, La., on Tuesday, August 30, but numerous reports from the eastern United States from Florida to New York verify that the new moon was visible on that date.

September 2011: On September 28, the new moon sliver was sighted by three adults at approximately 7:30 p.m. in Converse, La. Additional sightings were reported in Malaysia, Mauritius, Panama, South Africa, and Virginia.

October 2011: The new moon was not sighted in Baton Rouge, La., on Oct. 27 despite very clear skies on that date. The new moon crescent was sighted in numerous locations on October 28, including India, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia.

November 2011: On Saturday, November 26, the new moon crescent was sighted in numerous locations along the eastern U.S. and around the world.

December 2011: The new moon was sighted in numerous locations on the U.S. eastern seaboard on Sunday, December 25, as well as in other parts of the country.

January 2012: Although heavy rain prevented sighting on January 24th in Bridge City, the new moon was sighted in Georgia, Florida, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and numerous other locations across the U.S. and around the world on that date.

February 2012: Because the new moon was not sighted in Bridge City, Tx. on February 22 or reliably reported as sighted east of that location on that date, the month was allowed to fulfill 30 days with sightings for certainon February 23.

 

 

 

2010-2011 CALENDAR

   

New moon sighted

 

First day of Biblical month

         
Abib  

March 16

 

March 17

Month 2  

April 15

 

April 16

Month 3  

May 15

 

May 16

Month 4  

June 13

 

June 14

Month 5  

July 13

 

July 14

Month 6  

August 11

 

August 12

Month 7  

September 10

 

September 11

Month 8  

October 9

 

October 10

Month 9  

November 7

 

November 8

Month 10  

December 7

 

December 8

Month 11  

January 5

 

January 6

Month 12  

February 4

 

February 5

Month 13  

March 6

 

March 7

 

Sighting reports for 2010-2011

March 2010: On March 16, the new moon was sighted in Massachusetts, Virginia, and Minnesota, making March 17 the first day of Abib, 2010.

April 2010: The crescent moon was sighted in Baton Rouge, La., at 7:49 p.m. on Thursday, April 15 by one adult.

May 2010: Sightings of the new moon crescent were reported in numerous locations throughout the world including Australia, the Middle East, and South Africa on Saturday, May 15.

June 2010: On Sunday, June 13th, at 8:32 p.m. the new moon sliver was sighted in Baton Rouge, La., by three witnesses. In addition, the new moon was sighted in many locations throughout the world on this date.

July 2010: The new moon sliver was sighted at 8:21 p.m. on July 13 in Baton Rouge, La. by two adult witnesses.

August 2010: Although the new moon was not sighted in Baton Rouge due to poor weather, the crescent was sighted in many places across the world including Australia, Indonesia, Kenya, and Sri Lanka.

September 2010: The new moon crescent was sighted by two adults on Friday, September 10, in Baton Rouge, La., at 7:24 p.m.

October 2010: On Saturday, October 9th, the new moon was sighted in Canada, through India and Pakistan, and in the eastern United States as well as other locations throughout the world.

November 2010: One adult witness sighted the new moon crescent on Sunday, October 7, at 5:41 p.m. in Baton Rouge, La..

December 2010: The new moon sliver was sighted in Baton Rouge, La., on Tuesday, December 7, at 5:20 p.m. by one adult witness.

January 2011: On Wednesday January 5th at 5:43 p.m., the new moon sliver was sighted in Baton Rouge, La., by one witness.

February 2011: Due to overcast skies in the Baton Rouge area on Feb. 3, no reported sightings east of us, and a very low chance of sighting in our area on that date, it is our judgement to accept the sightings of the new moon crescent across the globe on Feb. 4th, thus fulfilling 30 days for the 11th month.

March 2011: To our knowledge there were no reported sightings of the new moon east of Baton Rouge on March 5th, and as sighting was made impossible by completely overcast skies, it is again our judgement to fulfill 30 days for the 12th month and begin the 13th month on March 7.

 

 

2009-2010 Calendar

   

New moon sighted

 

First day of Biblical month

         
Abib  

March 27

 

March 28

Month 2  

April 26

 

April 27

Month 3  

May 25

 

May 26

Month 4  

June 23

 

June 24

Month 5  

July 23

 

July 24

Month 6  

August 21

 

August 22

Month 7  

September 20

 

September 21

Month 8  

October 19

 

October 20

Month 9  

November 18

 

November19

Month 10  

December 17

 

December18

Month 11  

January 16

 

January 17

Month 12  

February 15

 

February 16

 

Sighting reports for 2009-2010

March 2009: The new moon crescent signaling the beginning of Abib and of the Biblical new year was sighted on March 27 at 8:29 p.m. EST in Michigan by two adult witnesses. In addition, the new moon was sighted on this date in Europe and Africa.

April 2009: On Sunday, April 26, the new moon sliver was sighted by two adult witnesses in Baton Rouge, LA, at 7:49 p.m. The crescent was also reported sighted in numerous areas around the world on this date.

May 2009: Although there were overcast skies in Baton Rouge, the new moon crescent was sighted in numerous locations throughout the world on Monday, May 25.

June 2009: The new moon was sighted in numerous areas across the globe on Tuesday, June 23rd, including Israel, Africa, Georgia, Virginia, Florida, and Arkansas.

July 2009: In numerous locations both in the USA and across the world, the crescent moon was sighted on July 23rd.

August 2009: While skies were completely overcast in Baton Rouge on Friday, Aug. 21, the new moon was sighted in many places around the world on that date, beginning in Australia and including Florida in the USA

September 2009: Due to dense cloud cover, the earth's tilt, and the closeness of moonset to sunset, the new moon was impossible to sight on Sept. 19. The House of Yahshua will complete 30 days and begin the 7th month on Sept. 21, observing the Feast of Trumpets on that day. Despite the continued presence of cloud cover in the Baton Rouge area which prevented sighting on the 20th, the new moon was sighted in Indonesia, India, and Vermont on that date.

October 2009: The new moon was sighted on October 19 in Sri Lanka, Guyana, Indonesia, Florida, Georgia, and Virgina.

November 2009: On Wednesday, November 18, the new moon was sighted in Baton Rouge, LA, by one adult at 5:33 p.m.

December 2009: From Europe and Africa to the eastern U.S., the new moon crescent was sighted on December 7.

January 2010: On Saturday, January 16, the new moon sliver was sighted by one adult witness at 6:00 p.m. in Cincinnati, Ohio, in addition to other sightings in Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, and Pakistan.

February 2010: The new moon crescent was sighted at 6:05 p.m. by two adults in Baton Rouge, LA, on Monday, February 15.

 

 

2008-2009 Calendar

   

New moon sighted

 

First day of Biblical month

         
Abib  

March 8

 

March 9

Month 2  

April 6

 

April 7

Month 3  

May 6

 

May 7

Month 4  

June 4

 

June 5

Month 5  

July 4

 

July 5

Month 6  

August 2

 

August 3

Month 7  

September 1

 

September 2

Month 8  

October 1

 

October 2

Month 9  

October 30

 

October 31

Month 10  

November 29

 

November 30

Month 11  

December 29

 

December 30

Month 12  

January 28

 

January 29

Month 13  

February 26

 

February 27

 

Sighting reports for 2008-2009

March 2008: On March 8 the new moon crescent was sighted in multiple locations along the U.S. east coast, making March 9 the first day of Abib.

April 2008: The new moon crescent was sighted by two adult witnesses at 7:55 p.m on Sunday, April 6, 2008, in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. In addition, two witnesses reported a sighting at Toledo Bend River in Louisiana, and in Montgomery, Texas, the crescent was sighted by four witnesses.

May 2008: As far east as Indonesia, the new moon crescent was sighted on the evening of Tuesday, May 6. Sightings were reported across the Middle East, Europe, Africa, and the eastern United States.

June 2008: The new moon sliver was sighted at 8:15 p.m. on Wednesday, June 4, in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

July 2008: Two witnesses sighted the new moon crescent at 8:13 p.m. in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, on Friday, July 4.

August 2008: The new crescent was sighted in Baton Rouge at 8:06 p.m. on Saturday, August 2. In addition, the crescent was sighted first in Australia and then across the globe also on August 2nd.

September 2008: Due to hurricane Gustav's imminent arrival in the Baton Rouge on Sept. 1 which will prevent any actual sighting in our area for several days, we have opted to resort to projection of the best likelihood of the new moon sighting based on last month's sighting, recent observation of the waning moon, and the actual time of conjunction: this combination gives us a sighting date of Sept. 1, which will make Sept. 2 the first day of the seventh month and the date of the Feast of Trumpets for 2008. If this is proved wrong by actual sightings east of us on Sept. 1, this fact will be posted on the home page of this site as soon as possible.

October 2008: On Wednesday, Oct. 1, the new moon was sighted at 7:35 p.m. in Baton Rouge, LA.

October 2008: The new moon crescent was sighted by two adult witnesses in Baton Rouge, LA, on Thursday, October 30 at 6:50 p.m.

November 2008: Due to poor weather conditions in our area and questionable sighting reports elsewhere for Nov. 28, our assembly has made the decision to allow the month to fulfill 30 days, resting on the surety of a sighting on the 29th instead.

December 2008: At 5:31 p.m. the new moon crescent was sighted in Baton Rouge, LA on Dec. 29.

January 2009: Due to overcast conditions for both the 29th and 30th day of the 11th month and uncertainty of a sighting possibility on the evening of the 29th, the decision has been made to fulfill the 30th day of the month on January 28 and begin the 12th month on January 29.

February 2009: On February 26, at 6:03 p.m., the new moon sliver was sighted in Baton Rouge, LA by one adult.

 

 

2007-2008 Calendar

   

New moon sighted

 

First day of Biblical month

         
Abib  

March 19

 

March 20

Month 2  

April 18

 

April 19

Month 3  

May 17

 

May 18

Month 4  

June 16

 

June 17

Month 5  

July 15

 

July 16

Month 6  

August 14

 

August 15

Month 7  

September 13

 

September 14

Month 8  

October 13

 

October 14

Month 9  

November 11

 

November 12

Month 10  

December 11

 

December 12

Month 11  

January 9

 

January 10

Month 12  

February 8

 

February 9

 

Sighting reports for 2007-2008

March 2007: On March 19, the new moon sliver was sighted at 7:57 p.m. in Houston, Texas. Also sighted in Lufkin and Conroe, Texas, on the same evening.

April 2007: Two witnesses sighted the new moon at 7:58 p.m. in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, on April 18.

May 2007: The new moon was sighted on Thursday, May 17, at approximately 8 p.m. in Bolivar, Louisiana by one witness.

June 2007: In Montgomery, Alabama, the new moon was sighted by two witnesses at 7:50 p.m. Crescent was also sighted on the same day in Ohio and elsewhere around the world.

July 2007: Because of overcast and rainy weather on July 15 which is expected to last through July 18, we must resort to the count from the last sighting, the time of the conjunction on the 14th and sun/moon set times on the 15th, and outside reports. Our determination is that the new moon was visible on July 15, making July 16 the first day of the fifth month.

August 2007: Once again we must rely on our count and outside reports of sightings because of poor weather in our area. Numerous sightings were reported across the world on August 14, which agrees with our count and expectations based on the time of conjunction, therefore day one of month six is deemed to be August 15.

September 2007: Again, due to poor weather conditions, we were unable to sight the new moon on Sept. 12; however, consideration of conjunction and sunset/moonset times for our area and of sighting reports from outside sources indicates that a naked eye sighting in our area would have been impossible on this day. Reports to the west of us reveal that naked eye sighting will be possible in our area on Sept. 13, therefore it is our determination that Sept. 14 will be the first day of the seventh month for 2007.

October 2007: Despite clear skies and excellent visibility, the new moon was not sighted in either Baton Rouge, La. or Memphis, Tn. on October 12. Sightings were reported as far north and east as Pennsylvania on October 13, so the first day of the eighth month falls on October 14.

November 2007: The new moon crescent was sighted in the Middle East and the eastern U.S. on Sunday, November 11, as well as in other parts of the world.

December 2007: At 5:15 p.m. on December 11, the new moon was sighted in Baton Rouge, La., by one witness. Although there were sightings in other parts of the world on Dec. 10, none were reported in even the westernmost parts of the U.S., supporting the fact that sighting was impossible in those upper latitudes.

January 2008: The new moon was sighted in many locations in the eastern U.S., as well as elsewhere in the country and in other countries, on January 9, 2008.

February 2008: On February 8th, at 5:53 p.m., the new moon sliver was sighted in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, by one witness.

 

 

2006-2007 Calendar

   

New moon sighted

 

First day of Biblical month

         
Abib  

March 30

 

March 31

Month 2  

April 28

 

April 29

Month 3  

May 28

 

May 29

Month 4  

June 26

 

June 27

Month 5  

July 26

 

July 27

Month 6  

August 25

 

August 26

Month 7  

September 24

 

September 25

Month 8  

October 23

 

October 24

Month 9  

November 22

 

November 23

Month 10  

December 22

 

December 23

Month 11  

January 20

 

January 21

Month 12  

February 18

 

February 19

 

Sighting reports for 2006-2007

March 2006: On March 30, 2006, the new moon crescent was sighted in Houston, Texas, at 6:44 p.m., beginning the first month of Abib on March 31.

April 2006: The new moon crescent was visible on Friday, April 28, in Virginia and South Carolina.

May 2006: At 8:30 p.m. on May 28, 2006, the new moon was sighted outside Buffalo, Texas.

June 2006: The new moon crescent was sighted by at least three witnesses in Austin, Texas, as well as in Germany.

July 2006: On July 26 the new moon crescent was sighted in Kuwait and South Africa, and in many locations in the United States.

August 2006: The new moon was visible to the naked eye on August 25 in Pakistan, Israel, and numerous locations in the U.S.

September 2006: On September 24, 2006, the new moon crescent was sighted both in Kuwait and Jerusalem.

October 2006: At 6:45 p.m. in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, the crescent new moon was sighted on October 23, 2006.

November 2006: The new moon crescent was sighted by two witnesses at 5:37 p.m. on November 22, 2006, in Houston, Texas.

December 2006: Weather conditions prevented a sighting in Baton Rouge on Dec. 21, and there were no reports to us of any sightings. Skies continue to be overcast on the 22nd, however, it is our judgment that the new moon crescent would certainly be visible on Dec. 22 if weather permitted: therefore, we declare Dec. 23 to be day one of the tenth month.

January 2007: No sightings reported in or to the east of the Baton Rouge area on Jan. 19; according to conjunction information and sighting information west of Baton Rouge, the first day of the 11th month was deemed to fall on January 21.

February 2007: On February 18, 2007, the new moon crescent was sighted at 6:09 p.m. by two witnesses in Baton Rouge, LA. The crescent was well up in the sky and clearly visible with the naked eye.

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2005-2006 Calendar

   

New moon sighted

 

First day of Biblical month

         
Abib  

March 11

 

March 12

Month 2  

April 9

 

April 10

Month 3  

May 9

 

May 10

Month 4  

June 7

 

June 8

Month 5  

July 7

 

July 8

Month 6  

August 6

 

August 7

Month 7  

September 5

 

September 6

Month 8  

October 5

 

October 6

Month 9  

November 3

 

November 4

Month 10  

December 2

 

December 3

Month 11  

January 1

 

January 2

Month 12  

January 30

 

January 31

Month 13  

February 28

 

March 1

 

Sighting reports for 2005-2006

March 2005: The new moon crescent was sighted in Houston, Texas, on March 11, 2005, at 6:28 p.m. and after by three witnesses. In addition, the crescent was sighted in other places throughout the world, including Australia, Indonesia, and Malaysia.

April 2005: On April 9, 2005, the crescent moon was clearly sighted by two witnesses in Houston, Texas, at 8:13 p.m., and by four witnesses in Jacksonville, Texas.

May 2005: The new moon crescent was sighted in the Middle East, Europe, and at least two locations in the United States on Monday, May 9, 2005.

June 2005: At 8:45 p.m. the new moon sliver was sighted by two adults in Houston, Texas, on June 7, 2005. Sighting by several witnesses was also reported in Conroe, Texas, at approximately 8:55 p.m.

July 2005: The new moon crescent was sighted in Israel on July 7, 2005, as well as in Africa, Florida, and other US states.

August 2005: At approximately 8:45 p.m. on August 6, the new moon crescent was sighted in Conroe, Texas, by an excess of 5 witnesses. In addition, the new moon was sighted at other U.S. locations and in Israel on the same date.

September 2005: On September 5th at 7:48 p.m., the new moon sliver was sighted by two adults and one child in Houston, Texas.

October 2005: The new moon sliver was sighted on October 5, 2005, in both Houston and Tomball, Texas, at approximately 7:07 p.m. by an excess of 6 witnesses.

November 2005: In both Houston and Tomball, Texas, at approximately 5:36 p.m. the new moon sliver was sighted by two witnesses on November 3.

December 2005: The new moon crescent was sighted in Oman and two locations in South Africa, as well as in Virginia and South Carolina, USA, on Friday, December 2, 2005.

January 2006: At 5:39 p.m. two witnesses sighted the new moon crescent in Houston, Texas, on January 1, 2006.

January 2006: The second new moon sighting for the month of January, 2006, occurred at 7:06 p.m. on January 30. The new crescent was sighted by two adults in Houston, Texas, in addition to sightings in Nigeria and South Africa.

February 2006: On February 28 at 6:39 p.m. the new moon sliver was sighted by one adult in Houston, Texas. Approximately five minutes later the sighting was verified by two additional adults at the same location.

 

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2004-2005 Calendar

   

New moon sighted

 

First day of Biblical month

         
Abib  

March 21

 

March 22

Month 2  

April 20

 

April 21

Month 3  

May 20

 

May 21

Month 4  

June 18

 

June 19

Month 5  

July 18

 

July 19

Month 6  

August 17

 

August 18

Month 7  

September 15

 

September 16

Month 8  

October 15

 

October 16

Month 9  

November 13

 

November 14

Month 10  

December 13

 

December 14

Month 11  

January 11

 

January 12

Month 12  

February 9

 

February 10

 

Sighting reports for 2004-2005

March 2004: The new moon sliver was sighted in Nacogdoches, Texas, on March 21 at 6:56 by one adult and one child, and was sighted in Houston, Texas, by two adults and one child at 6:57 p.m.

April 2004: The new moon sliver was sighted by two adults and one child on Tuesday, April 20th at 8:18 p.m. in Houston, Texas.

May 2004: The new moon crescent was clearly sighted in Houston, Texas at 8:23 p.m. on May 20 by two adults.

June 2004: On June 18 skies were overcast in Houston, Texas, so no sighting possible; however, there were several sighting reports in the U.S. for that day.

July 2004: The new moon crescent sighting was reported from several locations around the world on July 18, no report from Houston.

August 2004: The new moon was sighted in Houston, Texas, on August 17 by two adults.

September 2004: The new moon was sighted in Houston, Texas, at 7:40 p.m. on Sept. 15, 2004, by three adults and three children. Very small, low on the horizon, barely visible in the evening haze

October 2004: The new moon sliver was sighted in Houston, TX, on Oct. 15, at 6:52 p.m. by one witness.

November 2004: Although skies in Houston were completely overcast, sightings of the new moon sliver were reported east and west of Houston on Nov. 13, 2004.

December 2004: The new moon crescent was sighted in Houston, Texas, on Dec. 13 at approximately 5:25 p.m. by two adults.

January 2005: In addition to sightings from Malaysia to the eastern US, the new moon was sighted with the naked in Houston, Texas, on Tuesday, January 11. The sighting in Houston was at 6:44 p.m.

February 2005: While overcast conditions prevented sighting in Houston, sighting of the new moon sliver was reported in South Africa and several cities in the United States on Wednesday, February 9th, 2005.

 

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OUR CALENDAR

Because of the debate within may Sabbatarian churches concerning the Biblical calendar, the beginning of the Biblical year, and when to observe Passover, we at the House of Yahshua have determined to explain here our proofs and reasoning for the reckoning of our yearly calendar.

We believe that first and foremost we should let Scripture instruct us on this matter. Only after we have examined Scripture should we look to any other sources for information, and the most logical outside source of information is Jewish history and tradition, rightly interpreted.

To begin with, Deut. 16:1 tells us, "Observe the month of Abib, and keep the Passover unto Yahweh thy God: for in the month of Abib Yahweh thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night." (The word "abib" means "to be tender; green; a young ear of grain" - Strong's Concordance". Numbers 9:1-3 says, "Yahweh spake...in the first month...saying, Let the children of Israel also keep the Passover at his appointed season. In the fourteenth day of this month...ye shall keep it in his appointed season..." These passages tell us two very important things: that Abib, the first month of the Biblical year, is obviously a spring month when plants begin to turn green, as the Jewish calendar bears out; and that it is Passover that should be kept in its season, not the month of Abib. Regardless of any debate on this matter, Scripture is very clear about this.

How do we know when spring starts? In Genesis 1:14-16, God says, "Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years...and God made...the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night.." Of course this refers to the sun and the moon, and it is by the sun that we reckon our seasons. The vernal (or spring) equinox - the first day of the year when daylight and dark are of equal duration - is considered the first day of spring throughout the world.

The Encyclopedia Britannica, 1944 edition, vol. 4, states under "Calendar - Ecclesiastical Calendar" that "The Jews celebrated their Passover on the 14th day of the first month, that is to say, the lunar month of which the 14th day either falls on or next follows the day of the vernal equinox." Later in this same volume, under "Calendar - Jewish", it is stated that "The Feast of Passover, on 14 Nisan (Abib) could not begin before the spring Tequfah." (emphasis ours). The term Tequfah is defined as "the mean beginning of the seasons" - so the "spring Tequfah" referred to here is the vernal equinox. This information supports what we've already gleaned from Scripture - that it is only Passover which is to be kept in the spring season, not the entire month. It also gives us a clear standard to use for determining the first month of the year: The Biblical year starts with the lunar month in which Passover (the 14th day of the month) falls on or after the spring equinox.

Because a lunar month is shorter than our standard calendar months, each yearly cycle of lunar months pulls Passover backwards through the spring season. If no adjustments were made, eventually Passover would occur in the winter season. For this reason, a 13th month is inserted at intervals in order to keep Passover in spring, falling on or after the vernal equinox.

Some people dislike using the spring equinox as a basis for the Biblical calendar because of its pagan connotations. Unfortunately, many parts of Scripture have been co-opted and twisted by unbelievers for their own purposes. That misuse of Scripture does not render the original truth invalid - it simply makes us more wary of such misuse ourselves.

Some people say that we should judge the beginning of spring by the appearance of green ears of barley or some other crop in Jerusalem (or elsewhere) in the spring. Our position in the House of Yahshua is that we must have a standard that applies for everyone at the same time and information that is commonly available to everyone. Also, we prefer our reasoned standards based on Scripture rather than second-hand reports from thousands of miles away.

We do not closely follow the present Jewish calendar because it is not based on the sighting of the new moon sliver each month, because it is based on calculation and includes unnecessary adjustments and delays, and because it does not follow the standards cited above found in the encyclopedia . We can see the truth in Matt. 23:2-3: "The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses, seat: All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do; but do not ye after their works: for they say, and do not." We have seen in past years that the present Jewish calendar has not followed its own rules, thereby throwing it off from the true Biblical calendar by a full month.

So, our standards for the Biblical calendar are as follows:

1. We follow a cycle of lunar months, each month beginning with the sighting of the new moon sliver.

2. The Biblical year begins with the lunar month in which Passover falls after the spring eqinox. In order to insure that Passover falls in the spring season, our reckoning begins on the day after the equinox.

3. Most years will have 12 lunar months, but an extra month will be added when necessary so as to keep Passover in the spring season.

We hope that this will be useful to those searching for help in this matter.

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NEW MOONS

As members of Yahshua's body and His church, we must come to an understanding of new moons: their importance, their symbolism, what constitutes them, and how to find them. In order to do this, we must establish our reasons for going by the sighting of the new moon sliver as opposed to using the conjunction, or invisibility, of the new moon as our basis. Then we may go on to the particulars of the sighting itself.

In considering the sliver versus the conjunction, it must be stated from the outset that there is no clear Scriptural information to support either position. Our best source of Scriptural information which implies that the new moon is the beginning of the month comes from 1 Samuel 20:18-27, in which the day after the new moon is referred to as the "second of the month", but this passage is unclear as to whether the new moon spoken of is the conjunction or the sliver. Those who argue that it speaks of the conjunction say that this is how Jonathan was able to tell David with apparent certainty that the next day would be the new moon day. Those who are familiar with the sighting of the sliver know that if they have searched for the new moon the day after the invisibility and were unable to sight it, they can state with certainty that the next day will be the new moon day. Because of the two plausible interpretations of this passage, it cannot be used as a clear proof of anything except that the new moon day is the first day of Yahweh's months.

The House of Yahshua holds that the sighting of the new moon sliver is the requirement for judging the new moon and the beginning of the month. Our reasoning is based on several primary factors, which are listed below. Obviously, due to the lack of clear Scriptural instruction on this subject, much of the following information is based on extra-Biblical sources and human reasoning: however, we feel that the information provided is reliable and worthy for this use.

1. If we look at the Hebrew word for "new moon", Strong's #2320 - chodesh, we see that it is derived from #2318 (chadash), which essentially means "to be new; causatively, to rebuild". Although this is suggestive evidence only, we know that at the time of the conjunction, there is effectively no moon - there is nothing rebuilt and nothing to be seen. However, going by the inherent meaning of this word, we can see that the new moon sliver is the rebuilding moon, which can be sighted the day after its invisibility.

2. Virtually every authority consulted states that during Yahshua's time the Jewish community was using observation of the new moon sliver as the basis for the beginning of the month. It was much later, in the fourth century A.D., that Hillel II created the Jewish calendar used today, which is based on calculation rather than observation: it was only between the fourth and tenth centuries that this calendar came into widespread use. In this alone we find a compelling argument for using the sighting of the sliver: it was being used during Yahshua's time on earth, and this method was never criticized or corrected by Yahshua. (We find a strong correlation between Yahshua's tacit approval of the Jews' observation method of judging new moons and this same approval of their observance of a seventh-day [Saturday] Sabbath.)

3. Although symbolism is often used as a basis for rejection of the sighting method, due to pagan usurpation of the symbol of the new moon sliver, we absolutely disagree with this rejection, simply because if we rejected every one of God's symbols which have been co-opted by paganism and misused, we would have to reject a huge portion of God's messages to us in both the Old Testament and the New.

By contrast, those who are familiar with sighting the new moons are aware of a powerful symbolism surrounding the sighting of the new moon for the seventh month. This new moon signals not only the beginning of the seventh month, it also begins the Feast of Trumpets. There is a symbolism inherent in this feast focusing on trumpets, which are used in Scripture for warning, for assembly, for war, and for Holy Days - all of which imply readiness and attention to present events. This symbolism is underscored and enhanced when we are using the new moon sliver to signal the beginning of this Feast - as we sight it after sundown, the day has already begun and we are in the midst of that Holy Day. This requires a readiness for the Holy Day and an attention to the sighting of the sliver which is lost when one goes by the pre-calculated conjunction.

It is with an understanding of this that we can look at Yahshua's words to His disciples in a new light: "But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father. Take ye heed, watch and pray: for ye know not when the time is." (Mark 13:32-33) How clearly this is illustrated in the observance of the new moon sliver for the Feast of Trumpets.

It is the above reference to not knowing the day or time, with its accompanying exhortation to watch always, that removes one of the last criticisms of new moon sighting. There are those who object to the "unreliability" or uncertainty of using the sighting of the sliver as a basis for judging the months, usually on the grounds that it can lead to different groups keeping the Holy Days on different days. These people prefer the regularity and ease of using the calculation of the conjunction to judge the beginning of their months, as well as the uniformity of observance gained by using calculation.

The problem with this is that it misses the point of personal authority: everyone bears the heavy responsibility for his or her own readiness or unreadiness before God - hence the repeated urging by our Saviour to watch and be ready. This desire for uniformity also misses the significance of the very uncertainty they decry: this uncertainty is the primary reason we're adjured always to watch, to be alert, to be ready. It is in dealing with the unexpected or unpredictable that we learn vigilance. Taking responsibility for sighting the new moon sliver requires so much more of us than simply looking at a calendar to find out on which day the conjunction falls. What better way is there to emphasize this lesson of individual vigilance and responsibility?

As to other symbolism connected with the new moon itself, this subject is filled with depth and richness and is far too extensive to go into here in any detail. However, even casual examination shows us Yahshua symbolized in the new moon in many contexts: we see Him revealed in the light which appears to us with the new moon's appearance; we see His word pictured in the moon's phases; we see His death and coming return in the moons connected with the Holy Days. A study of this subject is highly recommended for the enrichment that comes with an understanding of it.

The assembly of the House of Yahshua holds to the knowledge that the new moon occurs when the first sliver of light appears after the complete darkness of the moon. We cannot simply use the new moon noted on calendars or in almanacs because their definition of a new moon is the invisibility of the moon, not the first light. We also cannot use the modern Jewish calendar to reckon the Holy Days because it merely uses calculation rather than visual verification and errs by up to three days from the sighting of the new moon sliver. Within our congregation we are of one mind that the new moon is reckoned by the first light: we are children of light, not of darkness and we seek the light of the new moon, not its invisibility or darkness.

We also believe that each individual or group is responsible for the sighting which goes on in their area: to simply accept a declared sighting in Jerusalem, as many do, is to renege on the concept of personal responsibility and authority mentioned above. If scattered groups prefer to accept the report of a sighting made by one group which others were unable to see, this is acceptable, but not required. Even if these groups lose uniformity by determining to keep the new moon/Holy Days on different days due to different sighting dates, they gain much more by exercising their judgment and personal authority as sons of God. In the end, they gain a unity of spirit which overshadows the physical issues of dates and uniformity.

It is our experience that our search for the new moon should begin one to two days before the new moon noted on calendars or in almanacs in order to be familiar with the moon's position in the sky. The best time to observe the new moon sliver is in the evening just after sunset, one or two days after the invisibility (conjunction) of the moon. Understand that if the new moon is seen after sunset on any day, the next day is considered the first day of the month. Practice is essential in order to gain familiarity with the variable appearance of a new moon and with its position in the sky from month to month.

Search the Scriptures concerning new moons - convince yourself of their importance and meaning. Let Yahshua's spirit lead you to the truth and fulfillment found in an understanding of this subject.

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WHAT WAS PREPARATION DAY?

"In the tenth day of this month...take a lamb...and ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening...And they shall eat the flesh in that night...and ye shall eat it in haste: it is Yahweh's Passover." (Ex. 12:3-11)

"Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel, [and] Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses...ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread." (Ex. 12:15 & 19-20)

"In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is Yahweh's Passover. And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread unto Yahweh: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work, [and] in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein." (Lev. 23:5-8)

These passages lay the groundwork for our observance of Passover and the Feast of Unleavening: we clearly see that the 14th day of the first month of the Biblical calendar is Yahweh's Passover and the 15th day of that same month is the first day of the Feast of Unleavening. The Feast of Unleavening lasts for seven days, and the first and last days are Holy Days of rest for God's people: these days are considered annual Sabbaths or High Days.

As clear as these passages are as given in the Old Testament, when we come to the Gospels in the New Testament we find references to these feasts which have caused confusion for many in their study of the events surrounding Yahshua's last day on this earth. Some of the most confusing references are those which speak of "preparation day": what day is this and how does it fit into the sequence of events before and during Yahshua's crucifixion? This study is provided in order to shed light on this issue and perhaps remove some of the confusion surrounding it.

To begin with, we may begin to set the time frame for Yahshua's last day with John 12:1 - "Then Yahshua six days before the Passover came to Bethany..." We see that the counting which John uses revolves around what he refers to as Passover. This time frame with reference to Passover continues in Matthew 26:2, where Yahshua says, "Ye know that after two days is the feast of the Passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified."

From here we find confusion arising, for Matthew then goes on to report, "Now the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Yahshua, saying unto Him, 'Where wilt Thou that we prepare for Thee to eat the Passover?'" (Matt. 26:17). According to the rules given in Exodus, the Passover lamb was to be slain on the 14th of Abib: the Feast of Unleavening didn't begin unto the 15th. If this passage is to be taken at face value and judged by the standards given in the Old Testament, then we find a disturbing problem, for it presents the disciples as coming to Him on the day after Passover (on the first day of Unleavening) with questions concerning His observance of Passover. This obviously cannot be the true meaning of the passage, so we must look for another interpretation. Fortunately for us, this first hint of confusion also gives us a clue to the solution of the problem.

If we look to Mark 14:12 we find a parallel passage which reads, "And the first day of Unleavened Bread, when they killed the Passover, His disciples said unto Him, 'Where wilt thou that we go and prepare that Thou mayest eat the Passover?'" This passage, taken together with the one in Matthew 26:17, shows us that by the time the Gospels were written, the Jews had begun to consider Passover as part of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Support for this comes from Luke 22:7 & 8: "Then came the day of Unleavened Bread, when the Passover must be killed. And He sent Peter and John, saying, 'Go and prepare us the Passover, that we may eat.'" It is clear from the above passages that by Yahshua's time, the 14th had come to be considered part of the Feast of Unleavening that actually began on the 15th.

As we move more deeply into the subject of the preparation day, we may look at John 19:14, which in speaking of Yahshua's crucifixion says, "And it was the preparation of the Passover, and about the sixth hour..." Now we come to the true question: what is preparation day and how does it relate to Passover and the Feast of Unleavening? Does this passage indicate that Yahshua was crucified on the 13th of Abib, a day John considered a preparation day for observance of Passover on the 14th? No, fortunately John gives us more information in verse 31: it tells us that after Yahshua's death, "The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that bodies should not remain upon the stake on the Sabbath day, (for that Sabbath day was an High Day), besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away." By John's report, we see that he was referring to the 14th of Abib as preparation day, because the day immediately after it is a High Day and annual Sabbath: the first day of Unleavening.

A vital piece of information is given to us by Luke in chapter 22, verse 1: "Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover." This is testimony outright that by Luke's time the word "Passover" had become a term that not only referred to the 14th of Abib, but for the combination of the 14th and the entire seven day period after which made up the Feast of Unleavening. In fact, it appears that the terms "Passover" and "Feast of Unleavened Bread" are considered interchangeable by all the Gospel writers, and that they all considered the day of Passover, 14 Abib, to be the "preparation day".

Some, claiming that the "preparation" was the preparing of the Passover lamb to be slaughtered, believe that the term "preparation of the Passover" referred to the time span between the 10th of Abib and the 14th of Abib, when the lamb was selected and held until its slaughter. This interpretation not only strains common sense (it is difficult to consider penning a lamb for four days as any kind of actual preparation of the lamb), it also completely ignores the fact that the term "preparation day" in the Gospels is always either directly linked to the events just before Yahshua's crucifixion on the 14th (John 19:14), or mentioned after it in connection with the High Day immediately following it (Matt. 27:62; Mark 15:42; Luke 23:4; John 19:31 & 42).

So, we might ask, exactly what was being prepared on this day? This information is not presented to us clearly, and several possibilities present themselves: the slaughter and preparation of the Passover lamb; preparation of the people themselves for the upcoming High Day; or preparation for the Feast of Unleavening which required the people to carefully remove the last traces of leavening from their homes and to prepare unleavened bread to be eaten on the 15th. In considering the first two possibilities, we know that the Jews prepared and ate the Passover lamb later on the 14th and that they took care that they might not be defiled and prevented from eating it (John 18:28). However, in light of the strict instructions given in Exodus 12:15, 19 & 20, we believe that the focus of the "preparation day" was primarily the removal of leavening from the people's homes and preparation of unleavened bread for the beginning of the Feast of Unleavening. This does not contradict John's mention of "the preparation of the Passover", since we now understand that the term "Passover" was used interchangeably with the term "Feast of Unleavened Bread" by the Gospel writers.

In light of all of the above information, a clear understanding of the term "preparation day" emerges: By Yahshua's time, Passover was considered to be part of the Feast of Unleavening and both these terms were used interchangeably by all the Gospel writers. "Preparation day" was a term used for the 14th of Abib when speaking primarily of the preparations made by the people on that day in order to be ready for the first day of Unleavening (which was a High Day and annual Sabbath) and perhaps also preparation for their observance of the Passover meal. This information enables us to avoid confusion as we pursue our studies of Yahshua's last meal, arrest, trial, crucifixion, and entombment, bringing us to a better understanding of the time frame of these very important events. May we all benefit and grow from that understanding.

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COUNTING TO PENTECOST

In Deuteronomy 16:9 & 10 we are introduced to the Feast of Weeks: "Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee: begin to number the seven weeks from such time as thou beginnest to put the sickle to the corn. And thou shalt keep the Feast of Weeks unto Yahweh thy God with a tribute of a freewill offering of thine hand, which thou shalt give according as Yahweh thy God hath blessed thee." Leviticus 23:15 & 16 speaks of the same feast in this manner: "And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the Sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven Sabbaths shall be complete: even unto the morrow after the seventh Sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto Yahweh."

From the passage in Leviticus we get the name Pentecost - a Greek word meaning "fiftieth", which refers to the fifty days of counting to this Feast. This is the name for this Feast used in the New Testament (Acts 2:1 & 20:16; I Cor. 16:8), the most commonly used name in the New Testament church, and the name used in this article hereafter.

Because of the common debate and questions concerning when to begin the counting to Pentecost, the House of Yahshua explains here our method and reasoning in how we count to Pentecost. We hope this will adequately explain our position and provide ample Scriptural support for that position. We have three primary passages to which we appeal for instruction and understanding of this matter.

The first passage we use in examining the question of when to begin the count to Pentecost, is in Leviticus 23: verses 10-14 show us the key to the matter, which is the wave sheaf. After giving instructions concerning Passover and the Feast of Unleavening, Yahweh instructs Moses, "Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, 'When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: And he shall wave the sheaf before Yahweh, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it: And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish...for a burnt offering unto Yahweh...And the meat offering...and the drink offering...And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.'"

This passage, in conjunction with verses 15 & 16, tells us that the beginning of the counting for Pentecost begins on the day after the Sabbath connected with Passover and the Feast of Unleavening, on the day that the wave sheaf is offered. There is some debate as to whether the Sabbath is question is a weekly Sabbath or the first Day of Unleavening, which is considered an annual Sabbath, but the information to follow settles that debate.

Since the instructions for the reckoning of Pentecost in Leviticus are given in terms of Israel coming "into the land which I give you" - that is, Canaan - an examination of the events surrounding Israel's entry into Canaan sheds considerable light onto this subject.

Josh. 4:19, our second proof passage, tells us, "And the people came up out of Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, and encamped in Gilgal, in the east border of Jericho." After Joshua's circumcision of the people in ch. 5:5, we find in verses 10-12 that "the children of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the month at even in the plains of Jericho. And they did eat of the old corn of the land on the morrow after the Passover (that is, on the 15th), unleavened cakes, and parched corn in the selfsame day. And the manna ceased on the morrow after they had eaten of the old corn of the land; neither had the children of Israel manna any more; but they did eat of the fruit of the land of Canaan that year."

Here we find a vital piece of information: On the day after they kept Passover - that is, on the 15th day of the month, the first Day of Unleavening, and an annual Sabbath - the children of Israel ate parched corn and unleavened bread, the "old corn of the land". This passage alone destroys the argument that the wave sheaf is offered and the counting for Pentecost begins on the day after the first Day of Unleavening: if it were true that the wave sheaf was to be waved and the counting was to begin on the day after the first Day of Unleavening, then the Israelites immediately committed a grievous error in their first observance, for they ate parched corn and bread on the very day of the annual Sabbath, not on the day after it. In this case they would have eaten these things before the wave sheaf had been offered, which was forbidden. Since this could not possibly have been the case, it is clear that the Sabbath connected with the counting for Pentecost is not an annual Sabbath, but a weekly Sabbath.

With this information in mind, we can deduce the days of the week when Israel entered into Canaan, kept Passover, and waved the sheaf. The entry into Canaan on the 10th occurred on a Tuesday. Four days later, on the 14th, the children of Israel kept Passover - this was a Saturday. On the next day, Sunday, the wave sheaf was offered, thereby freeing them to eat parched corn and bread. This not only establishes that a weekly Sabbath is the marker for the counting of Pentecost, it also clearly shows us that the counting begins with the first Sunday following Passover.

The last Scriptural information on this subject that we must consider is recorded in the New Testament in connection with Yahshua's death and resurrection. Each of the Gospels clearly tells us that Yahshua was crucified on the day of Passover (the 14th of Abib), the day before the first Day of Unleavening. Matt.27:62 tells us, "Now the next day (the day after Yahshua's crucifixion), that followed the day of the preparation (for the Feast of Unleavening), the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate." Mark 15:42 & 43 says, "And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation (for Unleavening), that is, the day before the (annual) Sabbath...Joseph of Arimathaea...went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Yahshua." Luke 23:54 tells us, "And that day was the preparation, and the Sabbath drew on" - again the preparation for the beginning of the Feast of Unleavening, and the annual Sabbath. The women, after marking the location of the sepulchre, returned and observed the High Sabbath, then on the day after prepared spices and ointments and "rested on the Sabbath day, according to the commandment." (vv. 55 & 56). Finally, we learn in John 19:42 that "there laid they Yahshua therefore because of the Jews' preparation day; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand." Yahshua was entombed hastily late on the 14th because an annual High day - which was a Sabbath - was at hand, a day when no work was to be done.

Further examination of these passages reveals to us that the day of Yahshua's crucifixion, the 14th, was a Wednesday. He was entombed late on the 14th before sunset. He then lay in the tomb for three days and three nights (Matt. 12:40). This brings us to His resurrection, late on Saturday, before sunset. Very early on the first day of the week after Yahshua's resurrection, "when it was yet dark" (John 20:1), He appeared first to Mary Magdalene (Mark 16:9). After His identity was revealed to her, He said, "Touch Me not; for I am not yet ascended to My Father: but go to My brethren, and say unto them, 'I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to My God, and your God." (John 20:16 & 17) Yahshua was clearly not to be defiled by human touch before His ascension to the Father.

Very soon after this exchange between Mary Magdalene and Yahshua, we see that "as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week", Mary was joined by "the other Mary " (Matt. 28:1). After their conversation with the angel at Yahshua's sepulchre, they "departed quickly from the sepulchre with fear and great joy; and did run to bring His disciples word. And as they went to tell His disciples, behold, Yahshua met them, saying, 'All hail.' And they came and held Him by the feet, and worshipped Him." (Matt. 28:8 & 9) Obviously in the time between His appearance to Mary Magdalene alone and His appearance to her and the other Mary, He had accomplished His ascension, thereby enabling the women to safely touch Him. If Yahshua truly was the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy, including the symbolism inherent in the Holy Day observances, then it is clear that His ascension was the fulfillment of the wave sheaf offering - "a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest" - waved before Yahweh; that is, presented to the Father on the day after the weekly Sabbath.

All of these above passages taken together provide us with more than sufficient information with which to determine how the counting for Pentecost is to be determined. From the witness of these passages, we learn the proper method for counting to Pentecost, which we present clearly here: Our counting begins on the first Sunday following Passover. From there we count seven Sabbaths plus one day, which equals fifty days. By this method of counting, our observance of Pentecost always falls on a Sunday. Our hope is that this information will make this matter clear to those seeking a purely Scriptural understanding of the subject. May Yahshua bless all those who seek His face.

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2014 HOLY DAYS AND OBSERVANCES

In the year 2014, our Holy Days are predicted to be as follows:

 

In March 2014, the conjunction for Abib occurred on March 30 at 1:46 p.m. CST in Bridge City, TX. The new moon was sighted on March 31st; this sighting placed Abib 1 on April 1st, 2014. This set 14 Abib on April 14, causing our Passover observance to be held late on April 13th, after sunset. The first Day of Unleavening occurred on April 15, and the last Day of Unleavening was observed on April 21st, 2014. The Wave Sheaf was offered on April 20th, and beginning with this counting, our Pentecost observance fell on June 8th.

The second conjunction of the Biblical year occurred on April 29. The new moon was sighted on April 30, making the first day of the second month May 1st. This meant the 14th day of the second month fell on May 14, and setting the second Passover observance (where necessary) late on May 13th, after sunset.

The fall Holy Days in 2014 are as follows: The conjunction for the 7th month occurred on September 24th at 1:15 a.m. CST. The new moon marking the first day of the 7th month was sighted on September 25th, giving us September 26th as our observance of The Feast of Trumpets. The Day of Atonement falls on October 5th, and the Feast of Tabernacles will begin on October 10th. The last day of the Feast of Tabernacles will fall on October 16th and the Last Great Day will be observed on October 17th.

Please keep in mind that the projected dates for the annual Holy Days are based on estimated sightings - we do not know the actual Holy Day dates until the new moon is sighted in the first and seventh months.

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